Emergency Medical Technicians (EMT)
"Emergency Medical Technicians or EMTs, provide out of hospital emergency medical care and transportation for critical and emergent patients who access the emergency medical services (EMS) system. EMTs have the basic knowledge and skills necessary to stabilize and safely transport patients ranging from non-emergency and routine medical transports to life threatening emergencies. Emergency Medical Technicians function as part of a comprehensive EMS response system, under medical oversight. Emergency Medical Technicians perform interventions with the basic equipment typically found on an ambulance. Emergency Medical Technicians are a critical link between the scene of an emergency and the health care system."
[From the: National EMS Scope of Practice Model]
EMT training is offered in 2 general formats, traditional and hybrid. The traditional format is classroom based lectures and integrated lab classed while the hybrid programs are online lectures with physical lab class meetings. Students must successfully complete these training courses which require approximately 190 hours of instruction as well as clinical experience on the ambulance treating patients.
In the United States, EMTs are certified according to their level of training. Individual states set their own standards of certification (or licensure, in some cases) and all EMT training must meet the minimum requirements as set by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s (NHTSA) standards for curriculum. The National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) is a private organization which offers certification exams based on NHTSA education guidelines. Currently, NREMT exams are used by 46 states including Virginia, as the sole basis for certification at one or more EMT certification levels. An NREMT exam consists of skills and patient assessments known as the psychomotor exam as well as a written portion.
Locally our EMT students take their psychomotor exam through the regional EMS Council, Central Shenandoah EMS Council (CSEMS) in Staunton at the Beverly Manor Middle School. Once they have successfully completed the psychomotor exams, they schedule to take their written NREMT exam at the CSEMS Office in Staunton on West Beverly Street. Once they have successfully completed these exams, the students have become certified EMTs.
Once certified EMTs must continue their education to be recertified at the NREMT level completing 40 hours every two years. Many training opportunities are offered locally here in Highland as well as in the CSEMS Region and throughout Virginia to complete these hours.
For a list of current EMT classes with the CSEMS Office, visit their website at www.CSEMS.org.